Tree Transplantation

     The process of transplanting a tree to another place is called Tree Transplantation/Tree relocation/Tree Translocation/ Tree Moving services/ Tree Shifting/ Tree Burlapping Technology. Although the scientific branch of Tree Transplantation has been successfully practiced in foreign countries and some states of India, it has become popular in Kerala only recently.

This technology is used to relocate trees that are standing there or are part of road development, trees that have fallen due to wind, etc., without cutting them, from the places where new houses or buildings are planned to be built. Also, this process is being used for landscaping garden applications.

There are many factors to consider when planning to transplant a tree. Hard soil such as red soil and clay in the area where the tree is to be transplanted increases the chance of success. While taking the tree to another area for planting, it should be ensured that the vehicle traffic is smooth. It should be ensured that the wheel of the cart does not sink into the soil at the site. Also, the width of the road, the height of the vehicle while carrying wood, the obstructions of power lines, etc

Trees of low value, have a very low survival rate after transplanting, and older, unbalanced, unhealthy, cracked, and cracked trees can be avoided. The health, shape, and structure of the tree to be transplanted are important factors. The transplanted tree must be able to regrow enough roots to sustain itself. The age and health of trees after transplanting should be considered before planting. Priority should be given to transplanting trees within the appropriate project site. Thus, it is possible to increase the survival rate of the trees after planting and reduce the loss.

November and December are favorable months for planting large trees. Deciduous trees should be transplanted in the spring and evergreen trees should be transplanted in early spring and summer late August to mid-September. Hot summertime is not suitable for transplanting trees as the plant transpiration/evaporation rate is high during this season.

Some trees that can be transplanted:

When trees are transplanted in foreign countries, branches and branches are not cut or changed, width and height of roads are not obstructed. People also opt for tree transplantation on less crowded public holidays.

Trees of special importance and high conservation value (Native species), coconut, large ornamental palms, heritage trees such as Peepal tree, Banyan tree, etc. Sandalwood, Moringa tree, Indian gooseberry, Gulmohar, Silk Coton, Mahua tree, Arjuna tree, Karingali, Monkeypod tree, Copperpod tree, Guava tree, Kadamba tree, and many other Indian species and some foreign species in India can be successfully transplanted, but exotic tree species like Acacia, Eucalyptus, Cassiarina (wind-tree) can be not transplanted.

How to a tree transplanting?

After measuring the circumference of the tree to be transplanted and marking it with lime around the tree, using a soil scraper and human power, after removing the soil from around the tree, pruning the roots, and applying fungicide to avoid fungal infection, root hormone or charcoal should be prepared by applying root ball to the root parts.

International practices typically recommend a root ball diameter of 8: 1 to 10: 1 to the diameter of the wood.

When the soil around the root is removed and loaded into the lorry, the soil is covered with a jute sack and tied with jute thread to prevent the mother soil of the tree from going away and the root from being damaged. This process is called Tree burlaping technology. A great technique in the transplanting process is that after a few months, the roots of the transplanted trees are removed from the root ball without removing the sack and twine.

Root ball preparation Root ball size varies by species, habit, and location. Root Ball Size / Root System quality larger trees require larger root balls to accommodate more roots to ensure adequate growth.

Tools required for Tree Transplantation?

Root pruning equipment, shovel lifting cable, chain, strap, crane, soil scraper, etc.